Making a Linux Plesk 8.6 Server PCI Compliant

By Paulus, 19 March, 2010

To make a server that is running Plesk PCI compliant follow these steps:


  1. Turn off medium and weak ciphers on the Plesk port (8443). This is done by editing the /usr/local/psa/admin/conf/httpsd.custom.include file.
    SSLProtocol -ALL +SSLv3 +TLSv1
    ErrorDocument 417 "Expect not supported"
    ErrorDocument 413 "Request Entity Too Large."
    ServerTokens Prod
    UserDir Disabled

    The ErrorDocument prevents a XSS exploit using the expect headers. This must be done in the httpsd.custom.include file or else you Plesk will over write the changes. For the changes to take affect:

    # /sbin/service psa stop
    # /sbin/service psa start

    To test and make sure SSLv2 is disabled:

    # openssl s_client -connect localhost:8443 -ssl2

    You should not see any SSL information. To test the Expect headers:

    # openssl s_client -host localhost:8443

    Once you see a '---' enter the following to test:

    Get / HTTP/1.1
    Host: localhost
    Expect: */<script>fooz</script>/*

    If everything worked, you will see:

    HTTP/1.1 417 Expectation Failed
    Date: Wed, 24 Mar 2010 21:08:32 GMT
    Server: Apache
    Transfer-Encoding: chunked
    Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1
    Expect not supported


  2. Do the same thing as you did above for Apache. Create the file /etc/httpd/conf.d/zz050-psa-disable-weak-ssl-ciphers.conf and add:
    SSLProtocol -ALL +SSLv3 +TLSv1

    Apache has to be restarted for the changes to take affect:

    # /sbin/service httpd restart

    To test and make sure SSLv2 is disabled:

    # openssl s_client -connect localhost:443 -ssl2

    You should not see any SSL information.

  3. Moving on to IMAP and POP3, the /etc/courier-imap/imapd-ssl and 
    /etc/courier-imap/pop3d-ssl files need to be modified by adding the following line:


    If there is another line with that variable setting, make sure you either remove it or comment it out. Restart the service:

    # /sbin/service courier-imap restart

    Test to make sure that SSLv2 has been properly disabled:

    # openssl s_client -connect localhost:993 -ssl2
    # openssl s_client -connect localhost:995 -ssl2

    You should not see any SSL information.

  4. Turn off SSLv2 for port 465, add the following line to /var/qmail/control/tlsserverciphers and /var/qmail/control/tlsclientciphers

    Restart qmail:

    # /sbin/service qmail restart

    Test the new settings:

    # openssl s_client -connect  localhost:465 -ssl2

    You should not see any SSL information.

  5. Configure named that it does not support recursion. This is done by editing the /etc/named.conf and adding the following below the options section
    recursion no;
  6. PCI audits will fail if the certificate has expired for courier-imap. This is easily fixed. Navigate to the /usr/share/courier-imap directory and run the following commands:
    # ./mkimapdcert

    This will create a new certificate for both services resolving the issue of expired certificates. These certificates will expire in 1 year.

  7. Add the following to your /etc/php.ini and your /usr/local/psa/admin/conf/php.ini, this requires httpd and Plesk to be restarted:
    expose_php = Off
    # /sbin/service httpd restart
    # /sbin/service psa restart
  8. PCI scans are starting to fail when connecting to a site via port 25 (SMTP) and 587 (submission). There is another certificate that needs to be updated. I used a self signed certificate, but you can replace the certificate with one from a respected CA:
    # cd /var/qmail/control
    # openssl genrsa 2048 > host.key
    # openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -sha1 -days 730 -key host.key > host.cert
    # cat host.cert host.key > host.pem
    # cp servercert.pem > servercert.pem.bk
    # mv host.pem servercert.pem
    # /sbin/service qmail restart

    To test:

    $ openssl s_client -connect -starttls smtp
    $ openssl s_client -connect -starttls smtp

 This has been written and tested on Plesk 8.6 Some of the items may be applied to later versions of Plesk.